Ingapirca Archeological Site
Cañar is located in the southern region of Ecuador and is the location of one the most important historical attractions in Ecuador. Situated just two hours outside of Cañar is the Ingapirca Archeological Site, or as it is also known, the Ingapirca Ruins. The importance of this archeological site is due to its architecture, being constructed from stone that was perfectly shaped by the builders of the time and held together by mortar. It is also a visual educator on the life and culture of the Inca and of the Cañari that once inhabited the ruins. The complexity of the ruins also shows that much planning had gone into the design of the complex and many historical artifacts have been retrieved.
The Ingapirca Archeological Site is made up of a temple, which is known as the Temple of the Sun, storage chambers, observatories and roads, each with it own purpose. The temple is a very fascinating part of the complex and is located in the center of the archeological site. When investigated, it is clear that the temple, which was constructed with thick walls that are four meters in height, was used for rituals and other religious ceremonies. It is also strategically placed, so is could have been used for military purposes as well. It is clear that the chambers that were constructed next to the temple were for the sole use of priests.
Another interesting area of the Ingapirca Archaeological Site is the castle. This building is a perfect example of the architecture that was used by the Inca. Archeologists believe that the castle was used as both a center for sun worshipping and as a fortress. It is complete with storage chambers, patios and even has a bathing area.
The Archeological Museum has a magnificent model of the Ingapirca Ruins on display. This makes it easier for the visitor to understand the outlay of the site and see the different viewpoints of the complex. There are a wide variety of artifacts that were found at the site on display, including beautifully crafted jewelry, handmade textiles and different ceramic items. Evidence of both the Inca and Cañari cultures is visible on the site and it is therefore a historically important attraction in Ecuador, as it is the legacy of Ecuador’s pre-Hispanic era.