El Panecillo

From a distance, the hill that hosts a huge statue of the winged virgin does indeed look like a panecillo (small bread roll). Since it's directly south of the city, this hill was an ideal spot to construct the 45m-high La Virgen de Quito, an enlarged copy of Bernardo de Lagarda's La Vir- gen de Quito sculpture. The significance of the Panecillo Hill dates back to Inca times, when it was known as Shungoloma (Hill of the Heart). Before the Spanish arrived, the Incas used this hill as a place to worship the sun. Later, from 1812 to 1815, the Spanish constructed a fortress, to control what was going on down below.